ATOMS and MOLECULES Rendered in 3D
by Jeremy Mallin
Depiction of the electron orbitals is based on [the following].
- Electrons travel at relativistic speeds and would appear as streaks of light if they were visible at all.
- Quantum mechanics proposes that the exact location and speed of each electron is determined by probability.
- So, an almost electrostatic lightning storm over the surface of each orbital is a good representation of what the electrons actually do,
- along with the fact that free electrons escape from and are captured by atoms all the time
Hydrogen – diatomic hydrogen (H2).
Neon – a stable nuclear arrangement of ten protons and ten neutrons and thus easy to portray as the twenty vertices of a regular dodecahedron.
Carbon – a single Carbon 12 atom.
Water – with electron orbital wave functions and free electrons.
These are beautiful, but the nucleus is WAAAAAAAY too big. Even though it holds more than 99% of an atom’s mass, the nucleus to super tiny. If an atom were enlarged to the size of the Earth, the nucleus would be a hundred feet wide… or less.